The story of artists in American Crafts and Arts movement is a fascinating one and in this short article, we will explore a contradictory position in it. In the realm of fine art, the Art and Crafts movements are defined as eclectic style, between 1880 to 1910 founded by strong Anglo Saxon tradition of fine arts and focused on craftsmanship. This eclectic style was influenced by various other cultures and events and evolved over a period of time.
Influences by World Events
The first major event that brought about the fusion between arts and crafts in fine art was the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial revolution brought about mass production, which is very necessary for the survival of the industry. However, with the growth in mass production came the demand for cheap goods at the lowest price. The Art and Craft movement sought to fill this gap and found their roots in the English Craft and Handicrafts industry.
The Art and Craft movement was also known as the “First Wave” because the first craft shows took place in New York City in the 1890s. It is interesting to note that while they were primarily focused on crafts, women artists and craftsmen were not excluded. The first major Art and Craft exhibitions were hosted by the Tiffany Company in New York. They were so popular that they were repeated in many cities throughout America and Europe. Their influence went beyond the area of fine arts.
In the early part of the 1900s, the popularity of Art and Crafts was greatly influenced by the World’s Fairs. This was a time when many people were still struggling economically. This helped spread the concept of fine arts to many others who would not have otherwise explored it. The Art and Craft movement was also celebrated during the First World War, when the United States had become engaged in a bitter war against Germany and Italy, which was a direct threat to the economic stability of the U.S.
The most important events that brought about a fusion between art and crafts in fine art were the Second Wave. These events were organized by women artists and craftsmen who were interested in promoting a revival of the Art and Craft movement. These events were held in various cities in the U.S., such as Philadelphia, Chicago, and San Francisco.
The idea of Art and Craft was also adopted by various international organizations. These included the Paris Salon of 1900, where art and craftsmen met in Paris to discuss topics relating to their individual interests. They adopted the name “Craft and Folk” to reflect their eclectic style and were often attended by people from all over the world.